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 Simple Present

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محمد أبو المجد
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عدد المساهمات : 67
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تاريخ التسجيل : 24/03/2011
العمر : 48
الموقع : مصر

مُساهمةموضوع: Simple Present   الإثنين أبريل 04, 2011 1:13 pm

farao

Simple Present







FORM [b] [VERB] + s/es




Examples:

· You speak English.

· Do you speak English?

· You do not speak English.


USE 1 Repeated Actions الأحداث المتكررة


Use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is repeated مكرر or usual معتاد. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, حدث يومى a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
Examples:


· I play tennis.

· Professor lectures to the students.

· he plays tennis.

· The train leaves every morning at 8 AM.

· The train leaves at 9 AM.

· When does the train usually leave?

· She always forgets her purse.

· He never forgets his wallet.

· Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun.

· the Sun circles the Earth?
USE 2 Facts or Generalizations حقائق & تعميمات


The Simple Present can also indicateيوضح/ يدل على the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things.
Examples:

· Cats like milk.

· The Sun rises from the east.

· Birds do not like milk.

· California is in America.

· Windows are made of glass.

· New York is a small city. It is not important that this fact is untrue.

·
USE 3 Scheduled Events in the Near Future


Speakers use Simple Present to talk about scheduled events in the near future. This is most commonly done when talking about public transportation, but it can be used with other scheduled events as well.
Examples:

· The train leaves tonight at 6 PM.

· When do we board the plane?

· The party starts at 8 o'clock.

· When does class begin tomorrow?
USE 4 Now (Non-Continuous Verbs)


Speakers sometimes use the Simple Present to express the idea that an action is happening or is not happening now. This can only be done with Non-Continuous Verbs and certain Mixed Verbs.
Examples:

· I am here now.

· He needs help right now.

· He has his passport in his hand.

· Do you have your passport with you?


ADVERB PLACEMENT


The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, sometimes,often, usually , seldom نادراً ,scarcely نادراًetc.

Examples:

· You only speak English.

· Do you only speak English?





The appropriate يخصص form of the verb "to do" used for the negative النفى



  • I do not (don't) work at home.
No, he does not (doesn't) like to cook


    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l76 level1 lfo10; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">She is here now.
  • She is not here now.




    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l76 level1 lfo10; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">He needs help now.
  • He does not need help now.


The bus arrives at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM. The bus does not arrive at 11 AM, it arrives at 11 PM.



    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 3.75pt 3.75pt 3.75pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-list: l76 level1 lfo10; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">Windows are made of wood.
  • Windows are not made of wood.




    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 3.75pt 3.75pt 3.75pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-list: l76 level1 lfo10; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">California is in the United Kingdom.
  • California is not in the United Kingdom.




    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 3.75pt 3.75pt 3.75pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-list: l76 level1 lfo10; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">She plays tennis.
  • She does not play tennis.


In the interrogative, الاستفهامthe present is generally introduced يقدم by a form of the verb "to do" ("do / does"):



    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l24 level1 lfo9; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">Does your father like to cook?
    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l24 level1 lfo9; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">Yes, he does .
    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l24 level1 lfo9; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">No, he doesn't .
    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l24 level1 lfo9; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">Do you have time to stop?
    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l24 level1 lfo9; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">Yes, I do .
    <LI class=MsoNormal style="MARGIN: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; COLOR: red; DIRECTION: ltr; unicode-bidi: embed; TEXT-ALIGN: left; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l24 level1 lfo9; tab-stops: list 36.0pt">No, I don't .
  • Does the Professor help the students ?


Yes, he does .

No, he doesn,t.
# the train usually leaves at 11PM.
When does the train usually leave?


# class begins tomorrow?

When does class begin tomorrow?


By Mr: Mohammed Abou elmgd



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Simple Present
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