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 Simple past

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مُساهمةموضوع: Simple past   الإثنين أبريل 04, 2011 1:28 pm

[[left]color=blue]farao [/color]
Simple past


Simple past


FORM

[VERB+ed]
or irregular verbs

Examples:

· You called Debbie.

· Did you call Debbie?

· You did not call Debbie.



USE 1 Completed Action in the Past (1) أحداث اكتملت فى الماضى


Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the speaker may not mention the specific time, but they do have one specific time in mind.
# يستخدم الماضى البسيط للتعبير عن فكرة أن الحدث بدأ و انتهى فى وقت محدد فى الماضى، احياناً ربما لا يذكر المتحدث الوقت المحدد، لكن يوجد وقت محدد فى الذهن0 Examples:

· I saw a movie yesterday.

· * Last year, I traveled to Japan.

· I didn't see a play yesterday.

· * Last year, I didn't travel to Korea.

· Did you have dinner last night?

· * Tom repaired the car

· She washed her car.

· * He didn't wash his car.





USE 2 A Series of Completed Actions (2) سلسلة من الأحداث المكتملة



We use the Simple Past to list a series of completed actions in the past. These actions happen 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and so on.
Examples:

· I finished work, walked to the beach, and found a nice place to swim.

· He arrived from the airport at 8:00, checked into the hotel at 9:00, and met the others at 10:00.

· Did you add flour, pour in the milk, and then add the eggs?


USE 3 Duration in Past استمر فى الماضى


The Simple Past can be used with a duration which starts and stops in the past. A duration is a longer action often indicated يدل على by expressions such as: for two years, for five minutes, all day, all year, etc.
Examples:

· I lived in Brazil for two years. * Shauna studied Japanese for five years.

· They sat at the beach all day. *We talked on the phone for thirty minutes.

· They did not stay at the party the entire time.

· A: How long did you wait for them?
B: We waited for one hour.


·


USE 4 Habits in the Past (4) عادات فى الماضى


The Simple Past can also be used to describe a habit which stopped in the past. It can have the same meaning as "used to." To make it clear that we are talking about a habit, we often add expressions such as: always, often, usually, never, when I was a child, when I was younger, etc.
Examples:



· He played the violin. .

· * I studied French when I was a child

· He didn't play the piano.

· * She worked at the movie theater after school

· Did you play a musical instrument when you were a kid? .

· They never went to school, they always skipped class.






USE 5 Past Facts or Generalizations




The Simple Past can also be used to describe past facts or generalizations which are no longer true. As in USE 4 above, this use of the Simple Past is quite similar to the expression "used to."
Examples:

· She was shyجبان as a child, but now she is very outgoing.

· He didn't like tomatoes before.

· Did you live in Texas when you were a kid?

· People paid much more to make cell phone calls in the past.


IMPORTANT When-Clauses Happen First


Clauses are groups of words which have meaning but are often not complete sentences. Some clauses begin with the word "when" such as "when I dropped my pen..." or "when class began..." These clauses are called when-clauses, and they are very important. The examples below containيشمل / يتضمن when-clauses.
Examples:

· When I paid her one dollar, she answered my question.

  • She answered my question when I paid her one dollar.
  • I paid her one dollar when she answered my question.




When simple past , simple past



simple past when simple past





The negative النفى :--------------------------- ( Did not )

· He played the violin.

· He didn't play the violin.

· He played the piano.

· He didn't play the piano.

· I saw a movie yesterday.

· I didn't see a movie yesterday.

· I saw a play yesterday.

· I didn't see a play yesterday.

· Last year, I traveled to Japan.

· Last year, I didn't travel to Japan.

By Mr: Mohammed Abou elmgd [/lef
t
]
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Simple past
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